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King of Tyre
Reign729–694 BC

Luli or Elulaios was king of the Phoenician city of Tyre (729–694 BC). During his reign, Tyre lost what remained of its power to Assyria.[1]

The reign of Luli is characterized by several wars with Assyria. Tyre was tributary to Assyria, but Luli revolted against the Assyrians more than once. From 724 to 720 BC, Tyre was under siege, the port being blockaded by Shalmaneser. During the reign of Sargon, the Assyrians had occupied Cyprus, but following Sargon's death in 705, Luli reclaimed the island and its colony of Kition. In 701, after another revolt, Sennacherib forced Luli to flee to Kition. Tyre lost control over Sidon and Akko, being reduced to the city itself and its overseas colonies. After Luli's death, the kingdom of Tyre was ruled by a series of pro-Assyrian monarchs and governors.[2]

See also



  1. ^ Aubet, Maria Eugenia (2001-09-06). The Phoenicians and the West: Politics, Colonies and Trade. Cambridge University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-521-79543-2. The third and last type of Phoenician ship was the redoubtable fight- ing galley, propelled by oars and fitted with a ram. In contrast to the merchant ships, this type of much lighter ship was called navis lunga. In the relief of king Luli of Tyre, from the end of the eighth century BC, these galleys, which served as escort to the tubby freighters, are seen at anchor in the south harbour at Tyre. One of these ships appears with the prow facing the city and has two superimposed banks of oarsmen, five in each lower bank and four others above (see Fig. 14).
  2. ^ Balogh, Csaba (2011-09-20). The Stele of YHWH in Egypt: The Prophecies of Isaiah 18-20 concerning Egypt and Kush. BRILL. p. 125. ISBN 978-90-04-21490-3.