Jump to content

Band on the Run

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Band on the Run
Studio album by
Released30 November 1973
RecordedAugust–October 1973
  • EMI and ARC, Lagos, Nigeria
  • AIR and Kingsway Recorders, London[1]
  • 41:08 (UK version)
  • 44:17 (US version)
ProducerPaul McCartney
Paul McCartney and Wings chronology
Red Rose Speedway
Band on the Run
Venus and Mars
Singles from Band on the Run
  1. "Mrs. Vandebilt"
    Released: January 1974
  2. "Jet"
    Released: 28 January 1974
  3. "Band on the Run"
    Released: 8 April 1974

Band on the Run is the third studio album by the British–American rock band Paul McCartney and Wings, released by Apple on 30 November 1973. It was McCartney's fifth album after leaving the Beatles in April 1970. Although sales were modest initially, its commercial performance was aided by two hit singles – "Jet" and "Band on the Run" – such that it became the top-selling studio album of 1974 in the United Kingdom and Australia, in addition to revitalising McCartney's critical standing. It remains McCartney's most successful album and the most celebrated of his post-Beatles works.

The album was mostly recorded at EMI's studio in Lagos, Nigeria, as McCartney wanted to make an album in an exotic location. Shortly before departing for Lagos, drummer Denny Seiwell and guitarist Henry McCullough left the group. With no time to recruit replacements, McCartney went into the studio with just his wife Linda and Denny Laine. McCartney therefore played bass, drums, percussion and most of the lead guitar parts.[2] The studio was of poor quality and conditions in Nigeria were tense and difficult; the McCartneys were robbed at knifepoint, losing a bag of song lyrics and demo tapes. After the band's return to England, final overdubs and further recording were carried out in London, mostly at AIR Studios.

In 2000, Q magazine placed Band on the Run at number 75 in its list of the "100 Greatest British Albums Ever". In 2012, it was listed at 418 on Rolling Stone's revised list of "the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[3] A contemporary review by Jon Landau in Rolling Stone describes the album as being the "finest record yet" by a former Beatle "with the possible exception of John Lennon's Plastic Ono Band".[4] It was McCartney's last album released on Apple Records. In 2013, it was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.[5]


Paul thought, 'I've got to do it, either I give up and cut my throat or [I] get my magic back.'[6]

– Linda McCartney to Sounds magazine

By 1973, three years after the break-up of the Beatles, Paul McCartney had yet to regain his artistic credibility or find favour with music critics for his post-Beatles work.[7][8] After completing a successful UK tour with his band Wings in July 1973,[9] he planned their third album as a means to re-establish himself after the mixed reception given to Wild Life and Red Rose Speedway.[10][11]

Keen to record outside the United Kingdom, McCartney asked EMI to send him a list of all their international recording studios. He selected Lagos in Nigeria and was attracted to the idea of recording in Africa. In August, the band – consisting of McCartney and his wife Linda, ex-Moody Blues guitarist and pianist Denny Laine, Henry McCullough on lead guitar, and Denny Seiwell on drums – started rehearsals for the new album at the McCartneys' Scottish farm. During one rehearsal session, McCullough and McCartney argued, and McCullough quit.[12] Seiwell left a week later, the night before the band flew out to Nigeria.[13] This left just McCartney, Linda and Laine to record in Lagos, assisted by former Beatles engineer Geoff Emerick. McCartney had chosen Lagos, as he felt it would be a glamorous location where he and the band could sun on the beach during the day and record at night; the reality, however, was that, after the end of a civil war in 1970, Nigeria was run by a military government, with corruption and disease commonplace.[14][15]


The band and their entourage arrived in Lagos on 30 August 1973, returning to London late on 22 September.[16] EMI's studio, located on Wharf Road in the suburb of Apapa, was ramshackle and under-equipped. The control desk was faulty and there was only one tape machine, a Studer 8-track. The band rented houses near the airport in Ikeja, an hour away from the studio. McCartney, Linda, and their three children stayed in one, while Laine, his wife JoJo, Emerick, and Wings' two roadies stayed in another.

The group established a routine of recording during the week and playing tourist on the weekends. McCartney temporarily joined a local country club, where he spent most mornings. The band was driven to the studio in the early afternoon, and recording would last into the late evening or early morning. To compensate for the departed band members, McCartney played, in addition to his contributions on bass guitar, the drum and lead guitar parts, with Laine playing rhythm guitar and Linda adding keyboards.[2] The first track they recorded at Apapa was "Mamunia",[17] the title for which McCartney appropriated from the name of a hotel in Marrakesh where Wings had stayed in April 1973.[18]

It's a collection of songs and the basic idea about the band on the run is a kind of prison escape. At the beginning of the album, the guy is stuck inside four walls and breaks out. There is a thread, but not a concept.[17]

– Paul McCartney

Several of the songs on Band on the Run reflect themes of escape and freedom,[19] while the structure of the album recalled the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band and Abbey Road.[20] The song "Band on the Run" was partly inspired by a remark George Harrison had made during one of the many business meetings the Beatles attended in 1969[17] in an effort to address the problems afflicting their Apple Corps enterprise. Four years later, the album's creation coincided with what author Peter Doggett terms McCartney's "moral victory in the debate over Allen Klein", as Harrison, John Lennon, and Ringo Starr now became embroiled in litigation against Klein[21] – the business manager they had appointed to run Apple in 1969, despite strong opposition from McCartney.[22] Doggett writes that McCartney was perhaps liberated creatively by this recent development, resulting in Band on the Run bearing "a frothy self-confidence that was reminiscent of the Beatles at their most productive".[23]

Aside from the challenges presented by the substandard studio, various incidents plagued Wings' stay in Lagos. While out walking one night against advice, McCartney and Linda were robbed at knifepoint. The assailants made off with all of their valuables, and even stole a bag containing a notebook full of handwritten lyrics and songs, and cassettes containing demos for songs to be recorded.[7] On another occasion, McCartney was overdubbing a vocal track when he began gasping for air. According to Emerick: "Within seconds, [McCartney] turned as white as a sheet, explaining to us in a croaking voice that he couldn't catch his breath. We decided to take him outside for some fresh air ... [but] once he was exposed to the blazing heat he felt even worse and began keeling over, finally fainting dead away at our feet. Linda began screaming hysterically; she was convinced that he was having a heart attack ... The official diagnosis was that he had suffered a bronchial spasm brought on by too much smoking."[24] Another incident was the confrontation with local Afrobeat pioneer and political activist Fela Kuti, who publicly accused the band of being in Africa to exploit and steal African music after their visit to his club. Kuti went to the studio to confront McCartney, who played their songs for him to show that they contained no local influence. Later on, drummer and former Cream member Ginger Baker invited Wings to record their entire album at his ARC Studio in Ikeja. McCartney agreed to go there for one day, and the song "Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)" was recorded at ARC, with Baker himself shaking a tin can filled with gravel on the track.

[Paul and I] made the album as though we weren't in a band, as though we were just two producers/musicians.[25]

– Denny Laine

Recording for the majority of the album's basic tracks, together with initial overdubbing, was completed after six weeks in Nigeria.[26] Wings hosted a beach barbecue to celebrate the end of recording,[24] and on 23 September 1973 they flew back to England,[27] where they were met by fans and journalists.[1] Upon returning to London, the McCartneys received a letter from EMI dated before the band had left England warning them to not go to Lagos due to an outbreak of cholera.[28]

In October, two weeks after the band's return to London, work began at George Martin's AIR Studios to transfer many of the eight-track recordings made in Nigeria to sixteen-track.[26] "Jet", named after one of the McCartney children's ponies, was recorded in its entirety at AIR.[29][30] The McCartneys and Laine carried out further overdubs on the Lagos recordings during this period; all of the orchestral arrangements for the album were taped at AIR in a single day, conducted by Tony Visconti.[26] Visconti was given three days to write the arrangements, including for the 60-piece orchestra on the title track. He said the arrangements were collaborations with McCartney, and was surprised he was not correctly credited for his work until the 25th anniversary reissue of the album.[31] Another contributor was saxophonist Howie Casey, who overdubbed solos on "Bluebird", "Mrs. Vandebilt,"[17] and "Jet", and would go on to become Wings' regular horn player.[32] On 8 October, Remi Kabaka, a musician coming from Nigeria, although born in Ghana, added a set of percussion on "Bluebird".[33] Final mixing of the album was completed over three days at London's Kingsway Studios in early November.[1]

Cover artwork[edit]

The album cover photograph was taken in Osterley Park, West London, on 28 October 1973 by photographer Clive Arrowsmith[26] from a concept by Hipgnosis and McCartney. It depicts the McCartneys, Laine, and six other well-known people dressed as convicts and posed as though caught by a prison searchlight. The six celebrities are: Michael Parkinson, Kenny Lynch, James Coburn, Clement Freud, Christopher Lee, and John Conteh.[34] Arrowsmith said the photo used for the cover was one of four he found acceptable out of the 24 pictures he took during the session. The spotlight's low potency meant everyone had to stand still for two seconds for proper exposure, which was made difficult by the photographer and subjects reportedly being in a "substance haze" following a party held by Paul McCartney. The golden hue of the picture comes from Arrowsmith’s use of daylight film instead of nighttime Tungsten film, which would have been more typical for the setting.[35]


Apple Records issued Band on the Run in the UK on November 30 [16] (as Apple PAS 10007),[36] and in the U.S. on 5 December (as Apple SO 3415).[37] Rather than having the band promote the album on radio and television or with a tour, McCartney undertook a series of magazine interviews, most notably with Paul Gambaccini for Rolling Stone.[38] The conversations with Gambaccini took place at various locations from September 1973 onward, [39] and combined to form, in the words of authors Chip Madinger and Mark Easter, "a remarkably forthcoming interview in comparison to the 'thumbs-aloft' profiles usually allowed by [McCartney]".[38]

"Helen Wheels" was released as a non-album single in late October 1973, and became a top 10 hit in America the following January.[40] For commercial reasons, Capitol Records, the US distributor for Apple Records, asked to include "Helen Wheels" on the album. McCartney agreed, although it was never his intention to include the track.[41] While "Helen Wheels" is not included on CD editions of Band on the Run in the UK (except as a bonus track on the 1993 "The Paul McCartney Collection" edition of the album), it has often appeared on CD releases of the album in the US and Canada, starting with the initial Columbia Records release in 1984. Early versions of the Capitol release fail to list "Helen Wheels" on the label or the CD insert, making the song a "hidden track".

Commercial performance[edit]

Initially, the album did not sell especially well, with the record-buying public wary after Wings' preceding releases.[42][43] On the UK Albums Chart, Band on the Run climbed to number 9 on 22 December,[44] remaining there for a second week before dropping to number 13.[45] On America's Billboard Top LPs & Tape chart, it peaked at number 7 on 2 February 1974, and then spent the next six weeks in the lower reaches of the top ten.[46] The album went on to achieve considerable success, however, thanks to the popularity of the two singles culled from it: "Jet" and the title track.[6][26] Writing in 1981, Bob Woffinden described Band on the Run as the first Beatles-related release to be "planned with a marketing strategy",[42] as Capitol Records now assumed a fully active role in promoting the album following the removal of Klein's ABKCO Industries as managers of Apple. Although McCartney had been reluctant to issue album tracks as singles,[47] the public's apparent lack of interest in Band on the Run led him to agree to the recommendations of Capitol's head of marketing, Al Coury,[48] who had similarly pushed for the inclusion of "Helen Wheels" on the album's American release. McCartney therefore authorised single edits of the two A-sides taken from the album.[30]

"Jet" was issued as a single in America on 28 January with "Mamunia" as the B-side, although "Let Me Roll It", which was the B-side of the UK release, replaced "Mamunia" on 15 February.[49] The single's success provided new impetus for the album,[50][51] which hit number 2 in the UK at the end of March[52] and topped Billboard's listings on 13 April.[46] Apple issued "Band on the Run" as a single in America on 8 April, backed by "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five";[53] the UK release followed on 28 June, with the non-album instrumental "Zoo Gang" as the B-side.[54] Due to the popularity of "Band on the Run",[26] the album returned to number 1 on the Billboard chart on 8 June, when the single simultaneously topped the Hot 100.[55] In Britain, the album finally hit number 1 on 27 July,[56] and it stayed there for seven consecutive weeks.[57][58] On the alternative UK listings compiled by Melody Maker, Band on the Run remained in the top ten from 26 January through 23 November 1974. During that time, its chart performance similarly reflected the popularity of the two singles, with the album spending three weeks at number 2 in April, and six weeks at number 1 throughout August and the first week of September.[59]

The album topped the Billboard chart on three separate occasions during 1974,[46] and was the top selling album of that year in Australia[60] and Canada.[61] In Britain, it came second in the year-end standings, behind the compilation The Singles: 1969–1973 by the Carpenters.[62] Through this success with Wings, McCartney established himself as the most commercially successful of the four former Beatles.[23][42] Author Robert Rodriguez views the album's arrival at number 1 in America in April 1974 as the moment when McCartney usurped George Harrison as the "ex-Beatle Most Likely to Succeed", and the beginning of a period of public acclaim that reached its zenith with the Wings Over America Tour in 1976.[63]

Band on the Run was eventually certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America and would go on to sell 6 million copies worldwide,[53] becoming EMI's top selling album of the 1970s in the UK.[42] Its continued success through 1974 was also beneficial in allowing Wings to recruit a new guitarist and drummer, and to integrate them into the band before beginning new recordings.[64]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
Christgau's Record GuideC+[65]
MusicHound Rock4/5[67]
Record Collector[69]
Rolling Stone[70]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide[71]
Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music[73]

Upon its release, Band on the Run received mostly favourable reviews. Rodriguez writes that, after the disappointment of McCartney's previous work since the Beatles, "It was exactly the record fans and critics had long hoped he would make".[74]

In a combined review of Band on the Run and Starr's concurrently released Ringo album, Charles Shaar Murray of the NME wrote: "The ex-Beatle least likely to re-establish his credibility and lead the field has pulled it off with a positive master-stroke of an album entitled Band On The Run." In addition to praising McCartney for using synthesizer "like an instrument, and not like an electric whoopee cushion", Shaar Murray concluded: "Band On The Run is a great album. If anybody ever puts down McCartney in your presence, bust him in the snoot and play him this. He will thank you for it afterwards."[75]

Writing in The New York Times, Loraine Alterman considered the album to be "bursting with a great deal of compelling music even if the lyrics at times make as much sense as that cover photo" and admired the "fascinating range of sounds" offered in the title track, as well as the "lovely, romantic aura" of "Bluebird". While noting the importance of studio production to the overall effect, Alterman wrote: "McCartney has managed to make the complexities of multi-track recording sound as natural and fresh as tomorrow."[76] Jon Landau of Rolling Stone described the album as, "with the possible exception of John Lennon's Plastic Ono Band, the finest record yet released by any of the four musicians who were once called the Beatles".[4] Rolling Stone named Band on the Run one of the Best Albums of 1973.[77]

Village Voice critic Robert Christgau wrote in 1981: "I originally underrated what many consider McCartney's definitive post-Beatles statement, but not as much as its admirers overrate it. Pop masterpiece? This? Sure it's a relief after the vagaries of Wild Life and Red Rose Speedway." He praised the title track and the "Afro-soul" introduction to "Mamunia", calling them "the high points". Christgau ultimately awarded the album a C+ rating, indicating "a not disreputable performance, most likely a failed experiment or a pleasant piece of hackwork".[65] In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote that, while some songs are excellent and the album overall is enjoyable, it is more about showmanship than content. A subsequent review on Allmusic by Al Campbell was more generous, considering the arrangements and melodic hooks of the songs up to the caliber of McCartney's work in the Beatles and concluding: "Though it lacks the emotional resonance of contemporaneous releases by John Lennon and George Harrison, McCartney's infallible instinct for popcraft overflows on this excellent release."[10] The Rolling Stone review of the 30th Anniversary Deluxe Edition of the album said that "the real action still lies in the original LP's revved-up pleasures".[70] Writing for Mojo magazine in 2011, John Harris included Band on the Run among "the trilogy of truly essential post-Beatles solo albums", along with Harrison's All Things Must Pass and Lennon's Plastic Ono Band.[78]

In 2000, Q magazine placed Band on the Run at number 75 in its list of the "100 Greatest British Albums Ever". In 2012, it was voted 418th on Rolling Stone's revised list of "the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[3] The album is featured in the book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.[79]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written by Paul and Linda McCartney, except "No Words" (written by Paul McCartney and Denny Laine).

Side one

  1. "Band on the Run" – 5:12
  2. "Jet" – 4:09
  3. "Bluebird" – 3:23
  4. "Mrs. Vandebilt" – 4:40
  5. "Let Me Roll It" – 4:51

Side two

  1. "Mamunia" – 4:51
  2. "No Words" – 2:35
  3. "Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)" – 5:49
  4. "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five" – 5:28

Note: Original North American releases also contain "Helen Wheels" (running time 3:45) as Track 8 (between "No Words" and "Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)").


In 1993, Band on the Run was remastered and reissued on CD as part of the Paul McCartney Collection series, with "Helen Wheels" and its B-side, "Country Dreamer", as bonus tracks. In 1996, it was released on 5.1 Music Disc. In May 2007, the album was made available through the iTunes Store.

25th Anniversary Edition[edit]

In 1999, Band on the Run: 25th Anniversary Edition, a special extended edition of the album, was released to coincide with twenty-five years after when, after a slow start, sales of the album began to take off in March 1974.[80] On this version, "Helen Wheels" appeared as track 8, between "No Words" and "Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)", as it had been positioned on the original US release. The package includes liner notes written by historian Mark Lewisohn,[81] and an extra disc of live renditions of songs from the album throughout the years, as well as brief new renditions by McCartney. Spoken testimonials are also included from McCartney himself, the late Linda (to whom this retrospective release is dedicated), Laine, Dustin Hoffman (the inspiration behind the writing of "Picasso's Last Words"), and the celebrity faces on the cover (including James Coburn, who was in Britain to film The Internecine Project (1974) when the picture for the album cover was taken, and Christopher Lee).

Archive Collection[edit]

The Paul McCartney Archive Collection series started with Band on the Run, released on 2 November 2010.[82] The Archive Collection was administered by Hear Music and Concord Music Group and the album was released in multiple formats:[83] a single remastered CD version of the original UK album (excluding "Helen Wheels" from the track listing), a 2-disc vinyl LP version with the remastered album and a selection of bonus audio materials, a 2CD/DVD edition including a collection of bonus materials in addition to the original album, a 2CD/2DVD edition sold only at Best Buy with additional bonus materials on the second DVD, a 3CD/DVD Deluxe Edition with the additional bonus materials in the other versions and an audio documentary originally produced for the album's 25th anniversary release and a 120-page hardbound book containing photos by Linda McCartney and Clive Arrowsmith, a history of the album, and additional materials. Within the Deluxe Edition was additional included a High Resolution 24-bit 96 kHz (with no dynamic range compression) download of the audio content released for the Archive Collection editions.[84]

In promotion of the Archive Collection edition, a Record Store Day 2010-exclusive vinyl single of "Band on the Run" backed with "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five" was also released.[85]

Disc 2: Bonus Tracks (Special, Vinyl, and Deluxe editions)
1."Helen Wheels" (Non-Album Single)3:46
2."Country Dreamer" (B-side to "Helen Wheels")3:08
3."Bluebird" (from One Hand Clapping)3:27
4."Jet" (from One Hand Clapping)3:56
5."Let Me Roll It" (from One Hand Clapping)4:23
6."Band on the Run" (from One Hand Clapping)5:13
7."Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five" (from One Hand Clapping)5:58
8."Country Dreamer" (from One Hand Clapping)2:18
9."Zoo Gang" (B-side to "Band on the Run")2:01
Total length:34:16

Disc 3 (Deluxe Edition)

This disc contains an audio documentary of the album, originally released in 1999 as Disc 2 of the 25th Anniversary Edition reissue.

DVD (Special and Deluxe editions)

  1. "Band on the Run" music video
  2. "Mamunia" music video
  3. Album promo
  4. "Helen Wheels" music video
  5. Wings in Lagos
  6. Osterley Park
  7. One Hand Clapping
    • Track listing:
    1. One Hand Clapping Theme
    2. "Jet"
    3. "Soily"
    4. "C Moon"
    5. "Little Woman Love"
    6. "Maybe I'm Amazed"
    7. "My Love"
    8. "Bluebird"
    9. "Let's Love"
    10. "All of You"
    11. "I'll Give You a Ring"
    12. "Band on the Run"
    13. "Live and Let Die"
    14. "Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five"
    15. "Baby Face"
Bonus DVD (Special Edition sold only at Best Buy)
1."Band on the Run 2010 EPK" 
2."Jet" (from Good Evening New York City) 
3."Mrs. Vandebilt" (from Good Evening New York City) 
4."Band on the Run" (from Good Evening New York City) 

Download only (Pre-order bonus tracks on paulmccartney.com)[86]

  1. "No Words" (Live in Glasgow) - 2:56
  2. "Band on the Run" (Live in Glasgow) - 6:57

50th Anniversary Edition[edit]

A 50th Anniversary Edition of the album was released on 2 February 2024.[87][88] The U.S. version of the album, with "Helen Wheels" included, was "cut at half speed using a high-resolution transfer of the original master tapes from 1973 at Abbey Road Studios, London." Additionally, in promotion of the anniversary, "a second LP of previously unreleased "underdubbed" mixes of the songs" was released. The "underdubbed" mixes are rough mixes prepared by engineer Geoff Emerick on 14 October 1973, before the final mixes with Tony Visconti's orchestrations added to the tracks. The 50th anniversary also included streaming versions of the "Underdubbed Mixes" and a Dolby Atmos mix by Giles Martin and Steve Orchard of the full U.S. version of the album.[89]

Underdubbed Mixes
1."Band on the Run"5:17
3."No Words"2:39
6."Mrs. Vandebilt"4:40
7."Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five"5:18
8."Picasso's Last Words (Drink to Me)"5:59
9."Let Me Roll It"4:57
Total length:41:25


According to Bruce Spizer:[90]

Band members

  • Paul McCartney – lead and backing vocals, bass, acoustic and electric guitars, piano, keyboards, drums, percussion
  • Linda McCartney – harmony and backing vocals, organ, keyboards, percussion
  • Denny Laine – harmony and backing vocals, co-lead vocals ("No Words" and "Picasso's Last Words"), acoustic and electric guitars, percussion

Additional personnel


Grammy Awards[edit]

Year Nominee / work Award Result
1975 Paul McCartney and Wings / Band on the Run Album of the Year[91] Nominated
Geoff Emerick / Band on the Run Best Engineered Non-Classical Album Won
2012 Paul McCartney, Sam Okell, Steve Rooke / Band on the Run (Paul McCartney Archive Collection – Deluxe Edition) Best Historical Album Won



  1. ^ a b c Spizer, p. 172.
  2. ^ a b James E. Perone (17 October 2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provocative, Influential, and Important Creations. ABC-CLIO. p. 585. ISBN 9780313379079. Archived from the original on 18 September 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Paul McCartney and Wings, 'Band On The Run'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b Jon Landau (31 January 1974). "Band on the Run". Rolling Stone. No. 153. Archived from the original on 2 June 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2006. Posted on 21 January 1997.
  5. ^ "Grammy Hall of Fame Letter B". Grammy. Archived from the original on 22 January 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  6. ^ a b Schaffner, p. 165.
  7. ^ a b Ghosh, Palash (16 July 2013). "Band On The Run: 40 Years Ago, Paul McCartney Saved His Career With An Album Made Under Duress In Nigeria". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  8. ^ Ingham, Chris (2005). "Introduction: Ten Years After". In Hunt, Chris (ed.). NME Originals: Beatles – The Solo Years 1970–1980. London: IPC Ignite!. p. 14.
  9. ^ Doggett, p. 208.
  10. ^ a b c Campbell, Al. "Band on the Run – Paul McCartney & Wings, Paul McCartney, Wings". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 7 May 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  11. ^ Cruickshank, Noah (14 January 2014). "With Band On The Run, Paul McCartney escaped The Beatles' shadow". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  12. ^ McGee, Garry (1 January 2003). Band on the Run: A History of Paul McCartney and Wings. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 48. ISBN 9780878333042.
  13. ^ Perasi, Luca (2013). Paul McCartney: Recording Sessions (1969-2013) (First ed.). Milan: L.I.L.Y. Publishing. p. 101. ISBN 978-8890912214.
  14. ^ James E. Perone (17 October 2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provocative, Influential, and Important Creations. ABC-CLIO. p. 584. ISBN 9780313379079.
  15. ^ Hall, Russell (14 December 2013). "Band on the Run: The Harrowing Story Behind Wings' Classic Album". gibson.com. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  16. ^ a b Kozinn and Sinclair, Allan and Adrian (2022). The McCartney Legacy Volume 1: 1969-73 (1st ed.). New York: HarperCollins. p. 626. ISBN 978-0063000704.
  17. ^ a b c d Spizer, p. 174.
  18. ^ Madinger and Easter, p. 189.
  19. ^ Rodriguez, p. 158.
  20. ^ Schaffner, p. 166.
  21. ^ Doggett, pp. 211–15, 216.
  22. ^ Sounes, pp. 251–54.
  23. ^ a b Doggett, p. 216.
  24. ^ a b Emerick 2006
  25. ^ Sounes, p. 311.
  26. ^ a b c d e f Madinger and Easter, p. 186.
  27. ^ Badman, p. 108.
  28. ^ "Paul McCartney: I was robbed at knifepoint | Metro News". 5 November 2010. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  29. ^ Badman, p. 118.
  30. ^ a b c d Madinger and Easter, p. 188.
  31. ^ Visconti, Tony. The Autobiography. Harper Collins. 2007. pp. 204–206
  32. ^ Sounes, pp. 313, 316.
  33. ^ Perasi, Luca (2023). Paul McCartney Music Is Ideas. The Stories Behind the Songs (Vol. 1) 1970-1989 (1st ed.). Milan, Italy: L.I.L.Y. Publishing. p. 169. ISBN 978-88-909-122-9-0.
  34. ^ Spizer, p. 175.
  35. ^ "Band on The Run – The Great 'Wrong Film' Debacle". Clive Arrowsmith. 13 January 2014. Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  36. ^ Castleman and Podrazik, p. 372.
  37. ^ Spizer, p. 171.
  38. ^ a b Madinger and Easter, p. 187.
  39. ^ Gambaccini, Paul (31 January 1974). "The Rolling Stone Interview: Paul McCartney". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 15 January 2024.
  40. ^ Spizer, p. 167.
  41. ^ Rodriguez, pp. 159, 262.
  42. ^ a b c d Woffinden, p. 81.
  43. ^ Spizer, p. 179.
  44. ^ "Your charts for 22nd December 1973" > "Albums". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  45. ^ "Paul McCartney: Chart Action (UK)". nifty.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  46. ^ a b c Castelman and Podrazik, p. 364.
  47. ^ Rodriguez, p. 262.
  48. ^ Spizer, pp. 179–80.
  49. ^ Madinger and Easter, pp. 189, 590, 594.
  50. ^ Rodriguez, pp. 262–63.
  51. ^ Spizer, p. 180.
  52. ^ "Your charts for 30th March 1974" > "Albums". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  53. ^ a b Badman, p. 123.
  54. ^ Spizer, p. 185.
  55. ^ Castleman and Podrazik, pp. 354, 365.
  56. ^ "Your charts for 27th July 1974" > "Albums". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  57. ^ "Number 1 albums of the 1970s". everyHit.com. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  58. ^ a b c "The Official Charts Company Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (PHP). The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
  59. ^ Castleman and Podrazik, pp. 342–43.
  60. ^ a b Kent 1993
  61. ^ a b "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1974". RPM. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  62. ^ a b "The Official UK Charts Company: ALBUM CHART HISTORY". Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  63. ^ Rodriguez, pp. 159, 263.
  64. ^ The Beatles: Quote Unquote ISBN 978-1-858-13846-6 p. 70
  65. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: M". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  66. ^ Bennett, Ross (December 2010). "Paul McCartney & Wings Band On The Run". Mojo. p. 123.
  67. ^ Graff & Durchholz 1999, p. 730.
  68. ^ Christel, Loar (4 November 2010). "Paul McCartney & Wings: Band on the Run (Special Edition)". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  69. ^ Staunton, Terry (December 2010). "Paul McCartney & Wings – Band On The Run". Record Collector (Xmas 2010/issue 383). p. 87. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  70. ^ a b Rob Sheffield (25 November 2010). "Paul's Hard Rocking Solo Peak". Rolling Stone. No. 1118. p. 80.
  71. ^ "Paul McCartney: Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  72. ^ "Paul McCartney / Wings Band on the Run CD Album". CD Universe/Muze. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  73. ^ Larkin, Colin, ed. (2002). "Wings". The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise Fourth ed.). London: Virgin Books. p. 1346. ISBN 1852279230.
  74. ^ Rodriguez, p. 160.
  75. ^ Shaar Murray, Charles (19 January 1974). "Paul McCartney: Band On The Run/Ringo Starr: Ringo". NME. p. 12. Available at Rock's Backpages Archived 3 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine (subscription required).
  76. ^ Alterman, Loraine (2 December 1973). "Wings: Band On The Run (Apple)". The New York Times. Available at Rock's Backpages Archived 2 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine (subscription required).
  77. ^ "Rolling Stone Music Awards '73" Rolling Stone 17 January 1974: 11
  78. ^ Harris, John (November 2011). "Beware of Darkness". Mojo. p. 82.
  79. ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (2006). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 0-7893-1371-5.
  80. ^ "Chart Stats.com 21 Mar. - 27 Mar. 1999". Official Charts. Archived from the original on 8 April 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2017.
  81. ^ Lewisohn, Mark. "Band On The Run - A Contextual Salute On Its Golden Anniversary". Maccazine. Archived from the original on 31 December 2023. Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  82. ^ "Paul McCartney & Wings: 'Band on the Run' to be Reissued November 2 – Indie Music Reviews – Indie Music News". Gravy and Biscuits. 16 September 2010. Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
  83. ^ "Paul McCartney and Wings – Band on the Run". Paulmccartney.com. 5 May 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  84. ^ "Paul McCartney Band on the Run / Hi-Res Digital Download [Uncompressed] Pop HDtracks high resolution audiophile music downloads". HDtracks.com. 4 December 1999. Archived from the original on 26 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  85. ^ "Paul McCartney – Band On The Run (Vinyl)". BeatlesBlogger.com. 26 October 2010. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  86. ^ Paul Sinclair (29 October 2014). "Paul McCartney Archive Collection: mid-term report, the story so far". superdeluxeedition.com. Archived from the original on 15 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  87. ^ "PAUL McCARTNEY - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 7 December 2023.
  88. ^ Rigotti, Alex (4 December 2023). "Paul McCartney & Wings announce 'Band On The Run' 50th anniversary reissue with "underdub" mixes". NME. NME. Retrieved 7 December 2023.
  89. ^ "'Band on the Run' 50th Anniversary Edition - Out 2 February". PaulMcCartney.com. 3 December 2023. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  90. ^ Spizer, pp. 174–75.
  91. ^ "GRAMMYs' Best Albums 1970–1979". grammy.org. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  92. ^ "Billboard Hits of the World". Billboard. 14 June 1975. p. 48. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  93. ^ "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 21, No. 17" (PHP). RPM. 15 June 1974. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  94. ^ a b "dutchcharts.nl Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (ASP). dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Archived from the original on 14 November 2012. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  95. ^ Oricon Entertainment 2006
  96. ^ "norwegiancharts.com Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (ASP). VG-lista. Archived from the original on 5 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  97. ^ Billboard – 9 March 1974. 9 March 1974. Archived from the original on 5 July 2021. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  98. ^ "Swedish Charts 1972–1975 (in PDF-files)" (PDF) (in Swedish). Hitsallertijden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  99. ^ "allmusic ((( Band on the Run > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  100. ^ "Album Search: Wings: Band on the Run" (in German). Media Control. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  101. ^ "ポール・マッカートニー-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック". Oricon Style (in Japanese). oricon.co.jp. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  102. ^ "Paul McCartney – Chart trajectories on the UK Albums Chart". October 2006. Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
  103. ^ "TLC Delivers for a Third Week". Billboard. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  104. ^ "ultratop.be – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on The Run". Ultratop. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  105. ^ "ultratop.be – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on The Run". Ultratop. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  106. ^ "Archived copy". Billboard. Archived from the original on 7 April 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2010.{{cite magazine}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  107. ^ "ポール・マッカートニー-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック". Oricon Style (in Japanese). oricon.co.jp. Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  108. ^ "spanishcharts.com – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on The Run". Archived from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  109. ^ "COUNTRY TIME ATOP CHART; MARGINS GET SMALLER". Billboard.biz. 20 November 2010. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
  110. ^ Keith Caulfield and Silvio Pietroluongo (ed.). "Chart Moves: Taylor Swift, Michael Jackson, Sugarland, Rihanna, Tim McGraw and more". Billboard.biz. Archived from the original on 16 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  111. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 14 February 2024.
  112. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run". Hung Medien. Retrieved 11 February 2024.
  113. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992 (illustrated ed.). St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. p. 426. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  114. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. 1974. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  115. ^ "French album certifications – Paul McCartney – Band on the Run" (in French). InfoDisc. Select PAUL MCCARTNEY and click OK. 
  116. ^ "British album certifications – Wings – Band on the Run". British Phonographic Industry.
  117. ^ "British album certifications – Paul McCartney & Wings – Band on the Run". British Phonographic Industry.
  118. ^ "American album certifications – Wings – Band on the Run". Recording Industry Association of America.


External links[edit]